Turkey Agreement 2023 Wikipedia
By 2023, 30 GWe of coal capacity and 4.8 GWe of nuclear capacity are expected to be created. However, a large part of the country`s coal reserves is low-calorific lignite – less than 12.5 MJ/kg – and a considerable amount (Afsin Elbistan) of less than 5 MJ/kg (a quarter of typical steam coal) with a high sulphur content. In May 2013, the government accepted the proposal of a consortium led by Mitsubishi Heavy Industries (MHI) and Areva (now Framatome) and with the participation of Itochu and Engie, which proposed four Atmea1 reactors with a total capacity of about 4600 MWe.* These are the first Atmea1 units to be built. They would be designed for load tracking and would use the same steam generators as Framatomes` large EPRs (but three instead of four). At the time, the cost was estimated at about US$22 billion, although it has doubled since then. The adoption of the proposal was followed by an intergovernmental agreement with Japan on “exclusive negotiating rights for the construction of a nuclear power plant” and, in October 2013, a formal agreement was signed at prime minister level for the project. This was ratified by Parliament in March 2015 and provides for 70% and 30% equity financing by loan. Another neutral aspect of the treaty was the agreement that all religious minorities should have their own religious and educational institutions while being allowed to elect their own religious leaders. But this has not been rewarded by Greece, as it has consistently prevented its Turkish Muslim minority of 150,000 people from choosing its own leaders and imams since the 1990s, with the state choosing them instead for the community. Japan expressed interest in negotiations for the construction of the 5600 MWe facility and signed an agreement in December 2010 to prepare an offer, with a more definitive agreement expected in March 2011.
Toshiba and Tepco participated in the proposal and used four 1350 MWe ABWR units. However, talks were suspended at Japan`s request following the Fukushima accident and Tepco has since decided not to do so. The reports below pointed to a possible offer from Mitsubishi Heavy Industries with Kansai, which operates 11 PWRs and uses APWR units. In March 2012, the Japanese Ministry of Foreign Affairs announced that progress was continuing towards a nuclear cooperation agreement with Japan. * Previous negotiations included an agreement signed in March 2010 between Korea Electric Power Corporation (Kepco) and EUAS regarding Kepco for the preparation of an offer to build the Sinop plant with four APR-1400 reactors that will enter service from 2019. The offer, in collaboration with the local construction group Enka Insaat ve Sanayi, was due in August. Kepco is expected to take over 40% of the investment`s equity and help with the financing. However, this proposal failed because Kepco insisted on obtaining guarantees of electricity sales from the government and not from TETAS as for Akkuyu. .