Sofa Agreement India
The proposed agreement with the Maldives is a maturation of two previous agreements in 2004 and 2010. The objective of the 2004 agreement was to provide assistance and rehabilitation in the event of a tsunami in the Maldives. Articles VIII and X, which allow U.S. ships and aircraft carriers to move freely in and out of Maldivine waters, are the most concerning, however. The agreement makes it clear that U.S. military personnel will be fully armed and will be able to exercise command of all types of ships, including nuclear-powered aircraft carriers. • the proposed agreement would replace an earlier agreement between the United States and the Maldives on “civilian personnel of the army and the Ministry of Defence”, which entered into force on 31 December 2004. In this context, an Indian vision of the new agreement between the Maldives and the United States may have to be drawn from the opinion expressed by Prime Minister Modi. It is another thing that it has also been a repetition of the application of the term “network provider” by his predecessor Manmohan Singh to the entire neighborhood, which implies a national consensus. The presidency and the Ministry of Defence in the Maldives have denied having any information about the agreement.
However, opponents were waiting for the issue to finally be referred to Parliament`s National Security Committee. New Delhi: In a sign of changing dynamics in the region, New Delhi strongly supports the Framework Defence Agreement signed between the Maldives and the United States, a pact that firmly places the island state on the “Indo-Pacific” side of the emerging maritime geopolitical fault line, which pits the United States and its allies against China. After the project emerged, media and opposition claims reported that Mohamed Waheed`s government was allowing the United States to build a base in the Maldives. There have been repeated denials by senior U.S. diplomats and Maldivian government officials about the possibility of a base and that the scope of the agreement is only related to the training of defense personnel. “The deal under discussion appears to be aimed at streamlining unblocking procedures for visiting U.S. military personnel,” Nilanthi Samaranayake, director of strategy and policy analysis at CNA, a nonprofit research organization in the Washington area, told The Diplomat. On the other hand, the likelihood of Sri Lanka and the US reaching an agreement on SOFA may seem bleak at the moment, given the strong opposition. Meanwhile, Sri Lankan Prime Minister Ranil Wickremesinghe informed Parliament that SOFA was still under discussion and that his government would not sign an agreement on Sri Lanka`s sovereignty. “In September 2001, your predecessor Jayant Prasad gave us oral assurances that the United States could rely on legal coverage without formal agreement,” he wrote to MEA Joint Secretary S. Jaishankar.
“What we are essentially seeking at this stage are mea assurances that all U.S. DoD employees sent to India for training purposes will still receive diplomatic protection equivalent to U.S. administrative and technical personnel.